Logo UoM

Publications from the

Sustainable Industrial Systems Group

The Sustainable Industrial Systems group diseminates their research through a range of books, reports, peer reveiewed journals and conferenes. Here you will find, and can search through, a list of the group's publications.

      

The SIS Group
 
  1. Azapagic, A. and S. Perdan (eds.) (2011). Sustainable Development in Practice: Case Studies for Engineers and Scientists. 2nd Edition [80% new material compared to 1st ed.]. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester.
  2. Azapagic, A., S. Perdan and R. Clift (eds.) (2004). Sustainable Development in Practice: Case Studies for Engineers and Scientists. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, pp437.
  3. Azapagic, A., A. Emsley and I. Hamerton (2003). Polymers, the Environment and Sustainable Development. John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, pp263.



  1. Azapagic, A. (2017). Environmental systems analysis. In: Environmental engineers’ handbook (M. Kutz, ed.), Wiley. In press.
  2. Azapagic, A. (2017). A Life cycle approach to measuring sustainability. In: Encyclopedia of sustainable technologies (Abraham, M.A., ed.), Elsevier.
  3. Cuéllar Franca, R.M. and A. Azapagic (2017). Life cycle environmental impacts of carbon capture, storage, and utilization. In: Encyclopedia of sustainable technologies (Abraham, M.A., ed.), Elsevier.
  4. Azapagic, A., J. Bore, B. Cheserek, S. Kamunya and A. Elbehri (2015). A Life Cycle Assessment of Kenyan Tea. Chapter 5, p63-80. In: Kenya’s Tea Sector Under Climate Change: An Impact Assessment and Formulation of a Climate-Smart Strategy (Elbehri et al., eds), Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Rome.
  5. R. Cuellar-Franca and A. Azapagic (2015). Life Cycle Cost Analysis of the UK Housing Stock. Chapter 1, p1-30. In: Life Cycle Costing for the Analysis, Management and Maintenance of Civil Engineering Infrastructure (J. W. Bull, ed.), Whittles Publishing.
  6. Jeswani, H.K. and A. Azapagic (2012). Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment of 2nd Generation Biodiesel. Chapter 2. In: Advances in Biodiesel Preparation - Second Generation Processes and Technologies (R. Luque and J. A. Melero, eds.), Woodhead Publishers.
  7. Gujba, H. and A. Azapagic (2011). Carbon Footprint of Beverage Packaging in the United Kingdom. Chapter 37, p381-390. In: Towards Life Cycle Sustainability Management (M. Finkbeiner, ed.), Springer.
  8. Perdan, S. and A. Azapagic (2011). Measuring Sustainable Development: An Overview. Chapter 2. In: Sustainable Development in Practice: Case Studies for Engineers and Scientists, 2nd ed. (Azapagic, A. and S. Perdan, eds.), John Wiley & Sons.
  9. Azapagic, A (2011). Assessing environmental sustainability: Life cycle thinking and life cycle assessment Chapter 3. In: Sustainable Development in Practice: Case Studies for Engineers and Scientists, 2nd ed. (Azapagic, A. and S. Perdan, eds.), John Wiley & Sons.
  10. Azapagic, A. and S. Perdan (2011). Translating the Principles of Sustainable Development into Business Practice: An Application in the Mining and Minerals Sector. Chapter 4. In: Sustainable Development in Practice: Case Studies for Engineers and Scientists, 2nd ed. (Azapagic, A. and S. Perdan, eds.), John Wiley & Sons.
  11. Azapagic, A. and H. Stichnothe (2011). Assessing Sustainability of Biofuels. Chapter 6. In: Sustainable Development in Practice: Case Studies for Engineers and Scientists, 2nd ed. (Azapagic, A. and S. Perdan, eds.), John Wiley & Sons.
  12. Azapagic, A. and S. Perdan (2011). Sustainability of Nuclear Power Chapter 9. In: Sustainable Development in Practice: Case Studies for Engineers and Scientists, 2nd ed. (Azapagic, A. and S. Perdan, eds.), John Wiley & Sons.
  13. Azapagic, A. (2011). Municipal Solid Waste Management: Recovering Energy from Waste. Chapter 10. In: Sustainable Development in Practice: Case Studies for Engineers and Scientists, 2nd ed. (Azapagic, A. and S. Perdan, eds.), John Wiley & Sons.
  14. Azapagic, A., H. Stichnothe and N. Espinoza-Orias (2011). Sustainability Issues in Food Provisioning Systems. Chapter 11. In: Sustainable Development in Practice: Case Studies for Engineers and Scientists, 2nd ed. (Azapagic, A. and S.Perdan, eds.), John Wiley & Sons.
  15. Azapagic, A. (2011). Sustainable Process Design: The Case of Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM). Chapter 13. In: Sustainable Development in Practice: Case Studies for Engineers and Scientists, 2nd ed. (Azapagic, A. and S. Perdan, eds.), John Wiley & Sons.
  16. Perdan, S. and A. Azapagic (2011). Urban Sustainability: The Case of Transport. Chapter 14. In: Sustainable Development in Practice: Case Studies for Engineers and Scientists, 2nd ed. (Azapagic, A. and S. Perdan, eds.), John Wiley & Sons.
  17. Azapagic, A. and H. Stichnothe (2010). Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment of Biofuels. Chapter 3, p37-60. In: Handbook of BioFuels Production (R. Luque, J. Campelo and J. Clark, eds.), Woodhead Publishers.
  18. Stichnothe, H., A. Hospido and A. Azapagic (2008). Carbon Footprint Estimation of Food Production Systems: The Importance of Considering Methane and Nitrous Oxide. Chapter 5, p65-72. In: Aspects of Applied Biology 87, Vol 4 (R. Glass and W. Matindale, eds.), The Association of Applied Biologists.
  19. Azapagic, A. (2006). Life Cycle Assessment as an Environmental Sustainability Tool. Chapter 6, p87-110. In: Renewables-based Technology: Sustainability Assessment (J. Dewulf and H. van Langenhove, eds.), John Wiley & Sons.
  20. Azapagic, A., R. Clift and C. Duff (2004). Waste Water Management: Identifying Sustainable Processes. Chapter 3, p60-88. In: Sustainable Development in Practice: Case Studies for Engineers and Scientists (Azapagic, A., S. Perdan and R. Clift, eds.), John Wiley & Sons.
  21. Azapagic, A., R. Clift and C. Duff (2004). Integrated Prevention and Control of Air Pollution: The Case of Nitrogen Oxides. Chapter 4, p85-117. In: Sustainable Development in Practice: Case Studies for Engineers and Scientists (Azapagic, A., S. Perdan and R. Clift, eds.), John Wiley & Sons.
  22. Kirkby, N. and A. Azapagic (2004). Municipal Solid Waste Management: Can Thermodynamics Influence People's Opinions about Incineration? Chapter 5, p118-200. In: Sustainable Development in Practice: Case Studies for Engineers and Scientists (Azapagic, A., S. Perdan and R. Clift, eds.), John Wiley & Sons.
  23. Azapagic, A., A. Millington and A. Collett (2004). Process Design for Sustainability: The Case of Vinyl Chloride Monomer. Chapter 6, p201-249. In: Sustainable Development in Practice: Case Studies for Engineers and Scientists (Azapagic, A., S. Perdan and R. Clift, eds.), John Wiley & Sons.
  24. Azapagic, A. (2004). Life Cycle Thinking and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) In: Sustainable Development in Practice: Case Studies for Engineers and Scientists (Azapagic, A., S. Perdan and R. Clift, eds.), John Wiley & Sons.
  25. Azapagic, A. (2002). Life Cycle Assessment: A Tool for Identification of More Sustainable Products and Processes. In: Handbook of Green Chemistry and Technology (Clark, J. and D. Macquarrie, eds.), Blackwell Science.
  26. Freire, F., E.Williams, A. Azapagic, R.Clift, G. Stevens and W. Mellor (2002). Life Cycle Activity Analysis: A Case Study of Plastic Panels. In: Technology Commercialization: DEA and Related Analytical Methods for Evaluating the Use and Implementation of Technological Innovation (Sten A. Thore, ed.), Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  27. Azapagic, A. (2001). Design for Optimum Use of Resources - Cascaded Use of Materials. Chapter 18, p435-448. In: Knowledge for Inclusive Development (P. Conceicao, D. Gibson, M.V. Heitor, G. Sirilli, F. Veloso, eds.), Quorum Books.
  28. Azapagic, A. (2000). Life Cycle Assessment: A Tool for Innovation and Improved Environmental Performance, Part VI.35. In: Science, Technology and Innovation Policy: Opportunities and Challenges for the Knowledge Economy (P. Conceicao, D. Gibson, M.V. Heitor, S. Shariq, eds.), Quorum Books.
  29. Clift, R. and A. Azapagic (1999). The Application of Life Cycle Assessment to Process Selection, Design and Operation In: Tools and Methods for Pollution Prevention (S.K. Sikdar and U. Diwekar, eds.), NATO Science Series, 2. Environmental Security, Vol. 62.



  1. Atilgan, B. and A. Azapagic (2017). Energy challenges for Turkey: identifying sustainable options for future electricity generation up to 2050. Sustainable Production and Consumption. In press.
  2. Mendoza, J.M.F, M. Sharmina, A. Gallego-Schmid, G. Heyes, and A. Azapagic (2017). Integrating backcasting and eco-design for the circular economy: the BECE framework. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 21, 526-544.
  3. Yue, Q., J. He, L. Stamford and A. Azapagic (2017). Nuclear power in China: an analysis of the current and near-future uranium flows. Energy Technology, 5, 681-691.
  4. Perdan, S., C. Jones and A. Azapagic (2017). Public awareness and acceptance of carbon capture and utilisation in the UK. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 10, 74-84.
  5. Cuéllar-Franca, R.M., P. García-Gutiérrez, S.F.R. Taylor, C. Hardacre and A. Azapagic (2016). A novel methodology for assessing the environmental sustainability of ionic liquids used for CO2 capture. Faraday Discussions, 192, 283-301.
  6. Galán-Martín, A., G. Guillén-Gosálbez, L. Stamford and A. Azapagic (2016). Enhanced data envelopment analysis for sustainability assessment: a novel methodology and application to electricity technologies. Computers & Chemical Engineering, 90, 188-200.
  7. Azapagic, A., L. Stamford, L. Youds and C. Barteczko-Hibbert (2016). Towards sustainable production and consumption: a novel decision-support framework integrating economic, environmental and social sustainability (DESIRES). Computers & Chemical Engineering, 91, 93-103.
  8. Gallego-Schmid, A., J. M. F. Mendoza, H. K. Jeswani and A. Azapagic (2016). Life cycle environmental impacts of vacuum cleaners and the effects of European regulation. Science of the Total Environment, 559, 192-203.
  9. Garcia-Herreroa, I., R. M. Cuéllar-Franca, V. M. Enríquez-Gutiérrez, M. Alvarez-Guerra, A. Irabien and A. Azapagic (2016). Environmental assessment of dimethyl carbonate production: comparison of a novel electrosynthesis route utilising CO2 with a commercial oxidative carbonylation process. ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, 4, 2088-2097.
  10. Atilgan, B. and A. Azapagic (2016). An integrated life cycle sustainability assessment of electricity generation in Turkey. Energy Policy, 93, 168-186.
  11. Fusi, A., J. Bacenetti, M. Fiala and A. Azapagic (2016). Life cycle environmental impacts of electricity from biogas produced by anaerobic digestion. Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology 4, 26, 1-17.
  12. Jeswani, H.K and A. Azapagic (2016). Assessing the environmental sustainability of energy recovery from municipal solid waste in the UK. Waste Management, 50, 346-363.
  13. Cooper, J., L. Stamford and A. Azapagic (2016). Shale gas: a review of the economic, environmental and social sustainability. Energy Technology, 4, 772-792.
  14. Amienyo, D. and A. Azapagic (2016). Life cycle environmental impacts and costs of beer production and consumption in the UK. International Journal of LCA, 21, 492-509.
  15. Atilgan, B. and A. Azapagic (2016). Assessing the environmental sustainability of electricity in Turkey on a life cycle basis. Energies 9, 31, 1-24.
  16. Ekvall, T., A. Azapagic, G. Finnveden, T. Rydberg, B. P. Weidema, A. Zamagni (2016). Attributional and consequential LCA in the ILCD Handbook. International Journal of LCA, 21, 293-296.
  17. Amienyo, D., J. Doyle, D. Gerola, G. Santacatterina and A. Azapagic (2016). Sustainable manufacturing of consumer appliances: reducing life cycle environmental impacts and costs of domestic ovens. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 6, 67-76.
  18. Atilgan, B. and A. Azapagic (2016). Renewable electricity in Turkey: life cycle environmental impacts Renewable Energy, 89, 649-657.
  19. Azapagic, A., J. Bore, B. Cheserek, S. Kamunya and A. Elbehri (2016). The global warming potential of production and consumption of Kenyan tea. Journal of Cleaner Production, 112, 4031-4040.
  20. Schmidt Rivera, X. and A. Azapagic (2016). Life cycle costs and environmental impacts of production and consumption of ready and home-made meals. Journal of Cleaner Production, 112, 214-228.
  21. Fusi, A., R. Guidetti and A. Azapagic (2015). Evaluation of environmental impacts in the catering sector: the case of pasta. Journal of Cleaner Production, 132, 146-160.
  22. Jeswani, H. K., R. Burkinshaw and A. Azapagic (2015). Environmental sustainability issues in the food-energy water nexus: breakfast cereals and snacks. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 2, 17-28.
  23. Balcombe, P., D. Rigby and A. Azapagic (2015). Energy self-sufficiency, grid demand variability and consumer costs: integrating solar PV, stirling engine CHP and battery storage. Applied Energy, 155, 393-408.
  24. Gujba, H., Y. Mulugetta and A. Azapagic (2015). The household cooking sector in Nigeria: environmental and economic sustainability assessment. Resources, 4, 412-433.
  25. Dimitriou, I., P. García-Gutierrez, R. H. Elder, R. Cuellar-Franca, A. Azapagic and R. W.K. Allen (2015). Carbon dioxide utilisation for production of transport fuels: process and economic analysis. Energy and Environmental Science, 8, 1775-1789.
  26. Stamford, L. and A. Azapagic (2015). Response to the comment by Westaway et al. (Applied Energy, 20 March 2015) on “life cycle environmental impacts of UK shale gas” (Applied Energy 134 (2014) 506-581) .
  27. Kouloumpis, V., L. Stamford and A. Azapagic (2015). Decarbonising electricity mix: is climate change mitigation going to be carried out at the expense of other environmental impacts? Sustainable Production and Consumption, 1, 1-21.
  28. Jeswani, H. K., T. Falano and A. Azapagic (2015). Life cycle environmental sustainability of lignocellulosic ethanol produced in integrated thermo-chemical biorefineries. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining.
  29. Jeswani, H. K. and A. Azapagic (2015). Is e-reading environmentally more sustainable than conventional reading? Journal of Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy 17, 3, 803-809.
  30. Azapagic, A. (2015). Sustainable production and consumption: a decision-support framework integrating environmental, economic and social sustainability. Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, 37, 131-136.
  31. Cuellar-Franca, R., I. Dimitriou, P. García-Gutierrez, R. H. Elder, R. W. K. Allen and A. Azapagic (2015). Carbon capture and utilisation: applying life cycle thinking to process design. Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, 37, 1457-1462.
  32. Goodfellow, M.J., J. Wortley, P. Dewick and A. Azapagic (2015). Public perceptions of design options for new nuclear plants in the UK. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 94, 72-88.
  33. Jeswani, H. K., E. P. L. Roberts, H. Gujba, N. W. Brown and A. Azapagic (2015). Removal of organic compounds from water: life cycle environmental impacts and economic costs of the Arvia process compared to granulated activated carbon. Journal of Cleaner Production, 89, 203-213.
  34. Cuellar-Franca, R. and A. Azapagic (2015). Carbon capture, storage and utilisation of technologies: a critical analysis and comparison of their life cycle environmental impacts. Journal of CO2 Utilization, 9, 82-102.
  35. Balcombe, P., D. Rigby and A. Azapagic (2015). Environmental impacts of microgeneration: integrating solar PV, stirling engine CHP and battery storage. Applied Energy, 139, 245-259.
  36. Atilgan, B. and A. Azapagic (2015). Life cycle environmental impacts of electricity from fossil fuels in Turkey. Journal of Cleaner Production, 106, 555-564.
  37. Brizmohun, R., T. Ramjeawon and A. Azapagic (2015). Life cycle assessment of electricity in Mauritius. Journal of Cleaner Production, 106, 565-575.
  38. Azapagic, A. and S. Perdan (2014). Sustainable chemical engineering: dealing with "wicked" sustainability problems. AIChE Journal 60, 12, 3998-4007.
  39. Cooper, J., L. Stamford and A. Azapagic (2014). Environmental impacts of shale gas in the UK: current situation and future scenarios. Energy Technology, 2, 1012-1026.
  40. Stamford, L. and A. Azapagic (2014). Life cycle sustainability assessment of UK electricity scenarios to 2070. Energy for Sustainable Development, 23, 194-211.
  41. Kim, S., B.E. Dale, R. Heijungs, A. Azapagic, T. Darlington and D. Kahlbaum (2014). Indirect land use change and biofuels: mathematical analysis reveals a fundamental flaw in the regulatory approach. Biomass and Bioenergy, 71, 408-412.
  42. Tassou, S., M. Kolokotroni, B. Gowreesunker, V. Stojceska, A. Azapagic, P. Fryer and S. Bakalis (2014). Energy demand and reduction opportunities in the UK food chain. Energy, 167, 162-170.
  43. Stamford, L. and A. Azapagic (2014). Life cycle environmental impacts of UK shale gas. Applied Energy, 134, 506-518.
  44. Hibbert, C., I. Bonis, M. Binns, C. Theodoropoulos and A. Azapagic (2014). A multi-period mixed-integer linear optimisation of future electricity supply considering life cycle costs and environmental impacts. Applied Energy, 133, 317-334.
  45. Santoyo-Castelazo, E. and A. Azapagic (2014). Sustainability assessment of energy systems: integrating environmental, economic and social aspects. Journal of Cleaner Production, 80, 119-138.
  46. Santoyo-Castelazo, E., L. Stamford and A. Azapagic (2014). Environmental implications of decarbonising electricity supply in large economies: the case of Mexico. Energy Conversion and Management, 85, 272-291.
  47. Balcombe, P., D. Rigby and A. Azapagic (2014). Investigating the importance of motivations and barriers related to microgeneration uptake in the UK. Applied Energy, 130, 403-418.
  48. Whiting, A. and A. Azapagic (2014). Life cycle environmental impacts of generating electricity and heat from biogas produced by anaerobic digestion. Energy, 70, 181-193.
  49. Schmidt Rivera, X.C, N. Espinoza Orias and A. Azapagic (2014). Life cycle impacts of convenience food: comparison of ready and home-made meals. Journal of Cleaner Production, 73, 294-309.
  50. Goodfellow, M.J., J. Wortley and A. Azapagic (2014). A systems design framework for the integration of public preferences into the design of large infrastructure projects. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 92, 687-701.
  51. Greening, B. and A. Azapagic (2014). Domestic solar thermal water heating: a sustainable option for the UK? Renewable Energy , 63, 23-36.
  52. Azapagic, A. (2014). Sustainability considerations for integrated biorefineries. Trends in Biotechnology 32, 1, 1-4.
  53. Cuellar-Franca, R. and A. Azapagic (2014). Life cycle cost analysis of the UK housing stock. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 19, 174-193.
  54. Falano, T., H.Jeswani and A. Azapagic (2014). Assessing the environmental sustainability of ethanol from integrated biorefineries Biotechnology Journal, 9, 753-765.
  55. Amienyo, D., C. Camilleri and A. Azapagic (2014). Environmental impacts of consumption of Australian red wine in the UK. Journal of Cleaner Production, 72, 110-119.
  56. Ibáñez-Forés, V., M.D. Bovea and A. Azapagic (2013). Assessing the sustainability of best available techniques (BAT): methodology and application in the ceramic tiles industry. Journal of Cleaner Production, 51, 162-176.
  57. Wallbridge, S., A. Banford and A. Azapagic (2013). Life cycle environmental impacts of decommissioning magnox nuclear power plants in the UK. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 18, 990-1008.
  58. Gujba, H., Y. Mulugetta and A. Azapagic (2013). Passenger transport in Nigeria: environmental and economic analysis with policy recommendations. Energy Policy, 55, 353-361.
  59. Stichnothe, H. and A. Azapagic (2013). Life cycle assessment of recycling PVC window frames. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 71, 40-47.
  60. Amienyo, D., H. Gujba, H. Stichnothe and A. Azapagic (2013). Life cycle environmental impacts of soft carbonated drinks. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 18, 1, 77-92.
  61. Greening, B. and A. Azapagic (2013). Environmental impacts of micro-wind turbines and their potential to contribute to UK climate change targets. Energy, 59, 454-466.
  62. Jeswani, K.H., R. Smith and A. Azapagic (2013). Energy from waste: carbon footprint of incineration and landfill biogas in the UK. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 18, 1, 218-229.
  63. Balcombe, P., D. Rigby and A. Azapagic (2013). Motivations and barriers associated with adopting microgeneration energy technologies in the UK. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 22, 655-666.
  64. Azapagic, A., Z. Chalabi, T. Fletcher, M. Jones, G. Leonardi, O. Osammor, V. Sharifi, J. Swithenbank, A. Tiwary, S. Vardoulakis (2013). An integrated approach to assessing the environmental and health impacts of pollution in the urban environment: methodology and case study. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 91, 508-520.
  65. Stamford, L. and A. Azapagic (2012). Life cycle sustainability assessment of electricity generation options for the UK. International Journal of Energy Research, 36, 1263-1290.
  66. Cuellar-Franca, R. and A. Azapagic (2012). Environmental impacts of the UK residential sector: life cycle assessment of houses. Building and Environment, 54, 86-99.
  67. Greening, B. and A. Azapagic (2012). Domestic heat pumps: life cycle environmental impacts and potential implications for the UK. Energy, 39, 205-217.
  68. Gallego, A., L. Rodríguez, A. Hospido, M. T. Moreira, G. Feijoo (2011). Development of LCA characterization factors for terrestrial eutrophication at regional scale Global Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 1-21.
  69. Simona-Andreea Ene, Carmen Teodosiu (2011). Grey water footprint assessment and challenges for its implementation. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal 10, 3, 1461-1469.
  70. Stamford, L. and A. Azapagic (2011). Sustainability indicators for the assessment of nuclear power. Energy, 36, 6037-6057.
  71. Mila i Canals, L., A. Azapagic, G. Doka, D. Jefferies, H. King, C. Mutel, T. Nemecek, A. Roches, S. Sim, H. Stichnothe, G. Thoma and A. Williams (2011). Approaches for addressing LCA data gaps for bio-based products. Journal of Industrial Ecology 15, 5, 707-725.
  72. Perdan, S. and A. Azapagic (2011). Carbon trading: current schemes and future developments. Energy Policy 39, 10, 6040-6054.
  73. Goodfellow, M. J., H. R. Williams and A. Azapagic (2011). Nuclear renaissance, public perception and design criteria: an exploratory review. Energy Policy 39, 10, 6199-6210.
  74. Jeswani, H.K. and A. Azapagic (2011). Methodologies for assessing the impacts of water use: a review and a case study. Journal of Cleaner Production 19, 12, 1288-1299.
  75. Stichnothe, H., A. Morgan, H. Gujba and A. Azapagic (2011). Estimating the carbon footprint of paints: some important considerations. Surface Coatings International 94, 3, 108-114.
  76. Espinoza-Orias, N., H. Stichnothe and A. Azapagic (2011). Carbon footprint of bread. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 16, 4, 351-365.
  77. Santoyo-Castelazo, E., H. Gujba and A. Azapagic (2011). Life cycle assessment of electricity generation in Mexico. Energy, 361, 1488-1499.
  78. Azapagic, A., H. Jeswani and H. Gujba (2011). Assessing biomass options for electricity generation on a life cycle basis. Waste and Biomass Valorisation 2, 1, 33-43.
  79. Dorini, G., Z. Kapelan and A. Azapagic (2011). Managing uncertainty in multiple-criteria decision making related to sustainability assessment. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 13, 133-139.
  80. Pettit, C., Chung, W., Sharifi, V., Chalabi, Z., Fletcher, T., Cleall, P., Thomas, H., De Munck, C., Sinnett, D., M. Jones and Azapagic, A. (2011). Sustainable management of urban pollution: an integrated approach. Building Services Engineering Research & Technology 32, 1, 21-34.
  81. Gujba, H., Y. Mulugetta and A. Azapagic (2011). Power generation scenarios for Nigeria: an environmental and economic assessment. Energy Policy, 39, 968-980.
  82. Azapagic, A. and S. Perdan (2010). Corporate sustainability management: a methodology and a case study. International Journal of Mining and Mineral Engineering 2, 4, 310-337.
  83. Gujba, H., Y. Mulugetta and A. Azapagic (2010). Environmental and economic appraisal of power generation capacity expansion plan in Nigeria. Energy Policy, 38, 5636-5652.
  84. Azapagic, A. (2010). Life cycle assessment as a tool for sustainable management of ecosystem services. Issues in Environmental Science & Technology, 30, 140-168.
  85. Jeswani, H., A. Azapagic, P. Schepelmann and M. Ritthoff (2010). Options for broadening and deepening the LCA approaches. Journal of Cleaner Production 18, 2, 120-127.
  86. Simona-Andreea Ene, Carmen Teodosiu (2009). Water footprint and challenges for its application to integrated water resources management in Romania. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal 8, 6, 1461-1469.
  87. Greenhalgh, C and A. Azapagic (2009). Review of drivers and barriers for nuclear power in the UK. Environmental Science & Policy 12, 7, 1052-1067.
  88. Stichnothe H. and A. Azapagic (2009). Bioethanol from waste: life cycle estimation of the greenhouse gas saving potential. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 53, 624-630.
  89. Lukman, R., A. Tiwary. and A. Azapagic (2009). Towards greening a university campus: the case of the University of Maribor, Slovenia. Resources, Conservation & Recycling, 53, 639-644.
  90. Tiwary, A., D. Sinnett, C. Peachey, Z. Chalabi, S. Vardoulakis, T. Fletcher, G. Leonardi, C. Grundy , T. R. Hutchings, and A. Azapagic (2009). An integrated tool to assess the role of new planting in PM10 capture and the human health benefits: a case study in London. Environmental Pollution, 157, 2645-2653.
  91. Azapagic, A. and H. Stichnothe (2009). A life cycle approach to measuring sustainability. Chemistry Today International Journal of Chemistry and Biotechnology 27, 1, 44-46.
  92. Hau, J. L.; R. Ray, R.B. Thorpe and A. Azapagic (2008). A thermodynamic model of the outputs of gasification of solid waste International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering 6, 5, 1-20.
  93. Azapagic, A. (2007). Energy from municipal solid waste: large-scale incineration or small-scale pyrolysis? Environmental Engineering and Management Journal 6, 5, 337-346.
  94. Azapagic, A., C. Pettit and P. Sinclair (2007). A life cycle approach to mapping the flows of pollutants in the urban environment. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy 9, 3, 199-214.
  95. Azapagic, A., A. Millington and A. Collett (2006). A methodology for integrating sustainability considerations into process design. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 84, 439-452.
  96. Pettit, C., A. Azapagic and S. Jefferis (2005). A framework for sustainable management of urban pollution. Engineering Sustainability, 158, 163-169.
  97. Azapagic, A. and S. Perdan (2005). An integrated sustainability decision-support framework: problem structuring, Part I. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology 12, 2, 98-111.
  98. Azapagic, A. and S. Perdan (2005). An integrated sustainability decision-support framework: methods and tools for problem analysis, Part II. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology 12, 2, 112-131.
  99. Wright, E., A. Azapagic, W. Mellor, G. Stevens and R. Clift (2005). Improving recyclability by design: a case study of fibre optic cable. Resources Conservation and Recycling 44, 1, 37-50.
  100. Azapagic, A., S. Perdan and D. Shallcross (2005). How much do engineering students know about sustainable development? The findings of an international survey and possible implications for the engineering curriculum. International Journal of Engineering Education. Special Issue: New Perspectives and New Methods in Engineering Education 4, 1, 1-20.
  101. Azapagic, A. (2004). Developing a framework for sustainable development indicators for the mining and minerals industry. Journal of Cleaner Production 12, 6, 639-662.
  102. Azapagic, A. (2003). Systems approach to corporate sustainability: a general management framework. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 81, 303-316.
  103. Azapagic, A. and S. Perdan (2003). Managing corporate social responsibility: translating theory into business practice. Corporate Environmental Strategy: International Journal of Corporate Sustainability, 10, 97-108.
  104. Perdan, S. and A. Azapagic (2003). Sustainable engineering design: an interactive multimedia case study. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education 4, 1, 33-43.
  105. Mellor, W., E. Wright, R. Clift, A. Azapagic and G. Stevens (2002). A mathematical model and decision-support framework for material recovery, recycling and cascaded use. Chemical Engineering Science, 57, 4697-4713.
  106. Mellor, W., E. Williams, G. Stevens, R. Clift and A. Azapagic (2001). Utility based framework for material and process selection in the integrated chain management of polymers. Journal of Environmental Management and Health, 12, 277-285.
  107. Perdan, S., A. Azapagic, and R. Clift (2000). Teaching sustainable development to engineering students. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education 1, 3, 267-279.
  108. Azapagic, A. and S. Perdan (2000). Indicators of sustainable development for industry: a general framework. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 78, 243-261.
  109. Nicholas, M.J., R. Clift, F.C. Walker, A. Azapagic and D.E. Porter (2000). Determination of 'best available techniques' for integrated pollution prevention and control: a life cycle approach. Process Safety and Environmental Protection 78, 3, 193-203.
  110. Azapagic, A. and R. Clift (2000). Allocation of environmental burdens in co-product systems: process and product-related burdens (Part 2) International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 5, 1, 31-36.
  111. Azapagic, A. and R. Clift (1999). Allocation of environmental burdens in co-product systems: product-related burdens (Part 1). International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 4, 6, 357-369.
  112. Azapagic, A. and R. Clift (1999). The application of life cycle assessment to process optimisation. Computers & Chemical Engineering, 23, 1509-1526.
  113. Azapagic, A. and R. Clift (1999). Life cycle assessment and multiobjective optimisation. Journal of Cleaner Production 7, 2, 135-143.
  114. Azapagic, A. and R. Clift (1999). Allocation of environmental burdens in multiple-function systems. Journal of Cleaner Production 7, 2, 101-119.
  115. Azapagic, A. and R. Clift (1999). Life cycle assessment as a tool for improving process performance: a case study on boron products. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 4, 3, 133-142.
  116. Azapagic, A. (1999). Life cycle assessment and its application to process selection, design and optimisation. Chemical Engineering Journal, 73, 1-21.
  117. Dennison, F.J., A. Azapagic, R. Clift, J.S. Colbourne (1999). Life cycle assessment: comparing strategic options for the mains infrastructure. Water Science and Technology 39, 10, 315-319.
  118. Dennison, F.J., A. Azapagic, R. Clift, J.S. Colbourne (1998). Assessing management options for wastewater treatment works in the context of life cycle assessment Water Science and Technology 38, 11, 23-30.
  119. Azapagic, A. and R. Clift (1998). Linear programming as a tool in life cycle assessment. International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 3, 6, 305-316.



Recent plenary, keynote and invited conference papers

  1. Azapagic, A. (2014). Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment: From Theory to Practice Keynote. SETAC EUROPE LCA Symposium. Novi Sad, Serbia, 24-26 Nov 2014.
  2. Azapagic, A. (2014). Sustainability Assessment of Energy Options Keynote. International Conference on Energy and Environment. Toledo, Spain, 30-31 Oct 2014.
  3. Azapagic, A. (2014). Sustainable Consumption and Production: Integrating Environmental, Economic and Social Aspects of Sustainability Keynote. 17th European Roundtable on Sustainable Consumption and Production (ERSCP 2014). Portoroz, Slovenia, 14-17 Oct 2014.
  4. Azapagic, A. (2014). Chemical Engineering and Sustainable Development: Shaping our Future Keynote. 13th Mediterranean Congress of Chemical Engineering. Barcelona, Spain, 30 Sept – 3 Oct 2014.
  5. Azapagic, A. (2013). Utilising Bio-feedstocks: Assessing the Sustainability of Different Options Keynote. International Conference on Resource Efficiency in Interorganizational Networks. Göttingen, Germany, 13-14 November 2013.
  6. Azapagic, A. (2013). Sustainable Chemical Engineering: Opportunities and Challenges. Keynote. WCCE9, 9th World Congress of Chemical Engineering. Seoul, 18-23 August 2013.
  7. Azapagic, A. (2013). Integrating Environmental, Economic and Social aspect of Sustainability into Engineering Practice. Keynote. 7th International Conference on Environmental Engineering and Management - Integration Challenges for Sustainability (ICEEM 07). Vienna, 18-20 September 2013.
  8. Azapagic, A. (2013). Measuring Sustainability and Identifying Sustainable Products and Processes. Keynote. 3rd International Conference on Sustainable Chemical Product and Process Engineering (SCPPE 2013). Dalian, China, 27-30 May 2013.
  9. Azapagic, A. (2013). New Generation of Chemical Engineer for Sustainable Development. Plenary talk. 9th European Congress of Chemical Engineering. The Hague, 21-25 April 2013.
  10. Azapagic, A. (2012). Utilising Waste and Biomass: Assessing Sustainability of Different Options. Keynote. WasteEng 12. 4th International Conference on Engineering for Waste and Biomass Valorisation. Porto, 10-13 September 2012.
  11. Azapagic, A. (2012). Sustainability of Integrated Bio-refineries: Life Cycle Environmental and Cost Assessment. Keynote. International Congress of Chemical Engineering. Seville, 24-27 June 2012.
  12. Azapagic, A. (2012). Sustainable Development and Industry. Keynote. International Congress on Sustainability Science and Engineering. Frankfurt, 18 June 2012.
  13. Azapagic, A. (2012). Sustainable Eco-design. Scientific conference organised by Solvay/Rhodia. . Lyon, France, 11-12 December 2012.



  1. CCaLC Tool.
  2. CCaLC Optimiser.
  3. PVC Sustainability Tool.
  4. BIOCHEM Tool.
  5. PUrE2.
  6. SPRIng MCDA.



Editor of special issues of refereed journals

  1. Azapagic, A. Journal of Power and Energy. Special issue on Sustainability of Nuclear Power. Proc. IMechE Vol. 226 Part A May 2012.
  2. Azapagic, A. IChemE Trans A (Chemical Engineering Research and Design). Special Issue on Biorefinery Integration. IChmE Trans A 87 (9) September 2009.
  3. Azapagic, A. IChemE Trans B (Process Safety and Environmental Protection). Special issue following the 7th World Congress of Chemical Engineers, IChemE Trans B, 83 (B4) (2005).
  4. Azapagic, A. Green Chemistry special issue on 'Green Chemical Engineering', Royal Society of Chemistry (2004).

Doctoral theses

  1. Sims, R.J. (2014). Life cycle sustainability assessment of the electrification of residential heat supply in UK cities. PhD thesis, The University of Manchester, UK.
  2. Youds, L.H. (2013). Sustainability Assessment of Nuclear Power in the UK Using an Integrated Multi-Criteria Decision-Support Framework. PhD thesis, The University of Manchester, UK.
  3. Greening, B. (2013). Life cycle environmental and economic sustainability assessment of micro-generation technologies in the UK domestic sector. PhD thesis, The University of Manchester, UK.
  4. Goodfellow, M.J. (2013). A participatory design framework: incorporating public views into the design of nuclear power plants. PhD thesis, The University of Manchester, UK.
  5. Falano, T.O. (2012). Sustainability assessment of integrated bio-refineries. PhD thesis, The University of Manchester, UK.
  6. Tomasini Montenegro, C. (2012). Evaluation of the sustainability of controlling diffuse water pollution in urban areas on a life cycle basis. PhD thesis, The University of Manchester, UK.
  7. Stamford, L.J. (2012). Life cycle sustainability assessment of electricity generation: a methodology and an application in the UK context. PhD thesis, The University of Manchester, UK.
  8. Santoyo-Castelazo, E. (2012). Sustainability assessment of electricity options for Mexico: current situation and future scenarios. PhD thesis, The University of Manchester, UK.
  9. Cuéllar Franca, R.M. (2012). Sustainability assessment framework for the residential construction sector in the UK. PhD thesis, The University of Manchester, UK.
  10. Amienyo, D. (2012). Life cycle sustainability assessment in the UK beverage sector. PhD thesis, The University of Manchester, UK.
  11. Jones, M (2003). The properties of crimped fibre reinforced soils and their use in the provision of grass surfaced roads. PhD thesis, Cardiff University, UK.